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03/16/2000

China's White Paper, Part II

As we approach the presidential election on Taiwan, March 18,
let us continue with the white paper put out by the Chinese
government a few weeks ago. Remember, there are two main
issues. First, the mainland has threatened to attack Taiwan if
they indefinitely rebuff demands for reunification talks. Second,
the vast majority of Taiwanese are not in favor of reunifying
under a "one country, two systems" framework such as that
adopted in Hong Kong.

Following are more verbatim passages from the document which
has stirred up so much controversy.

---

The One-China Principle is the foundation stone for the Chinese
government''s policy on Taiwan. On Comrade Deng Xiaoping''s
initiative, the Chinese government has, since 1979, adopted the
policy of peaceful reunification and gradually evolved the
scientific concept of "one country, two systems." On this basis,
China established the basic principle of "peaceful reunification,
and one country, two systems." The key points of this basic
principle and the relevant policies are: China will do its best to
achieve peaceful reunification, but will not commit itself to rule
out the use of force; will actively promote people-to-people
contacts and economic and cultural exchanges between the two
sides of the Taiwan Straits, and start direct trade, postal, air and
shipping services as soon as possible; achieve reunification
through peaceful negotiations and, on the premise of the One-
China Principle, any matter can be negotiated. After
reunification, the policy of "one country, two systems" will be
practiced, with the main body of China (Chinese mainland)
continuing with its socialist system, and Taiwan maintaining its
capitalist system for a long period of time to come. After
reunification, Taiwan will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, and
the Central Government will not send troops or administrative
personnel to be stationed in Taiwan. Resolution of the Taiwan
issue is an internal affair of China, which should be achieved by
the Chinese themselves, and there is no call for aid by foreign
forces.

Only by adhering to the One-China Principle can peaceful
reunification be achieved. The Taiwan issue is one left over by
the Chinese civil war. As yet, the state of hostility between the
two sides of the Straits has not formally ended. To safeguard
China''s sovereignty and territorial integrity and realize the
reunification of the two sides of the Straits, the Chinese
government has the right to resort to any necessary means.

While carrying out the policy of peaceful reunification, the
Chinese government always makes it clear that the means used to
solve the Taiwan issue is a matter of China''s internal affairs, and
China is under no obligation to commit itself to rule out the use
of force.

If Taiwan denies the One-China Principle and tries to separate
Taiwan from the territory of China, the premise and basis for
peaceful reunification will cease to exist.

As for the United States, if it promises to follow a one-China
policy, it should earnestly implement the three communiques
between the Chinese and U.S. governments and fulfill the series
of promises it has made. It should maintain only cultural,
commercial and other non-governmental relations with Taiwan;
oppose "Taiwan independence, "two Chinas" or "one China, one
Taiwan" and not to stand in the way of the reunification of
China. Acting otherwise will destroy the external conditions
necessary for the Chinese government to strive for peaceful
reunification.

No country maintaining diplomatic relations with China should
provide arms to Taiwan or enter into military alliance of any
form with Taiwan. The U.S. has repeatedly contravened its
solemn undertakings to China made in the August 17, 1982
Communique and continued its sale of advanced arms and
military equipment to Taiwan. Recently, some people in the
U.S. Congress have cooked up the so-called Taiwan Security
Enhancement Act and are attempting to include Taiwan in the
TMDS (Theatre Missile Defense System). This is gross
interference in China''s internal affairs and a grave threat to
China''s security, obstructing the peaceful reunification of China
and jeopardizing the peace and stability of the Asia-Pacific
region and the world at large. The Chinese government is firmly
against such actions.

Separatist forces in Taiwan are bent on violating the One-China
Principle. (President) Lee Tang-hui has gradually deviated from
the (principle), trumpeting "Taiwan is already a state with
independent sovereignty." In addition, he has connived at and
provided support for the separatists who advocate "Taiwan
independence" and their activities, thus helping the rapid
development of the "Taiwan independence" forces and the
spread of the "Taiwan independence" ideology. (Taiwan is)
attempting to establish a military alliance of a disguised form
with the United States and Japan.

...if a grave turn of events occurs leading to the separation of
Taiwan from China in any name, or if Taiwan is invaded and
occupied by foreign countries, or if the Taiwan authorities refuse,
sine die, the peaceful settlement of cross-Straits reunification
through negotiations, then the Chinese government will only be
forced to adopt all drastic measures possible, including the use of
force, to safeguard China''s sovereignty and territorial integrity
and fulfill the great cause of reunification. The Chinese
government and people absolutely have the determination and
ability to safeguard China''s sovereignty and territorial integrity,
and will never tolerate, condone or remain indifferent to the
realization of any scheme to divide China. Any such scheme is
doomed to failure.

No country maintaining diplomatic relations with China should
provide arms to Taiwan or enter into military alliance of any
form with Taiwan. All countries maintaining diplomatic
relations with China should abide by the principles of mutual
respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity and non-
interference in each other''s internal affairs, and refrain from
providing arms to Taiwan or helping Taiwan produce arms in
any form or under any pretext.

---

The reunification of the Chinese people has been called a "sacred
mission" by the Communists in Beijing. The reaction to the
upcoming election on Taiwan bears watching.

*Next week, I''ll start a series on Yuri Andropov, former Soviet
KGB chief, Communist Party boss, and, perhaps most
importantly, current President Vladimir Putin''s role model. I
have a ton of great sources. This should be good.

Brian Trumbore


AddThis Feed Button

 

-03/16/2000-      
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Hot Spots

03/16/2000

China's White Paper, Part II

As we approach the presidential election on Taiwan, March 18,
let us continue with the white paper put out by the Chinese
government a few weeks ago. Remember, there are two main
issues. First, the mainland has threatened to attack Taiwan if
they indefinitely rebuff demands for reunification talks. Second,
the vast majority of Taiwanese are not in favor of reunifying
under a "one country, two systems" framework such as that
adopted in Hong Kong.

Following are more verbatim passages from the document which
has stirred up so much controversy.

---

The One-China Principle is the foundation stone for the Chinese
government''s policy on Taiwan. On Comrade Deng Xiaoping''s
initiative, the Chinese government has, since 1979, adopted the
policy of peaceful reunification and gradually evolved the
scientific concept of "one country, two systems." On this basis,
China established the basic principle of "peaceful reunification,
and one country, two systems." The key points of this basic
principle and the relevant policies are: China will do its best to
achieve peaceful reunification, but will not commit itself to rule
out the use of force; will actively promote people-to-people
contacts and economic and cultural exchanges between the two
sides of the Taiwan Straits, and start direct trade, postal, air and
shipping services as soon as possible; achieve reunification
through peaceful negotiations and, on the premise of the One-
China Principle, any matter can be negotiated. After
reunification, the policy of "one country, two systems" will be
practiced, with the main body of China (Chinese mainland)
continuing with its socialist system, and Taiwan maintaining its
capitalist system for a long period of time to come. After
reunification, Taiwan will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, and
the Central Government will not send troops or administrative
personnel to be stationed in Taiwan. Resolution of the Taiwan
issue is an internal affair of China, which should be achieved by
the Chinese themselves, and there is no call for aid by foreign
forces.

Only by adhering to the One-China Principle can peaceful
reunification be achieved. The Taiwan issue is one left over by
the Chinese civil war. As yet, the state of hostility between the
two sides of the Straits has not formally ended. To safeguard
China''s sovereignty and territorial integrity and realize the
reunification of the two sides of the Straits, the Chinese
government has the right to resort to any necessary means.

While carrying out the policy of peaceful reunification, the
Chinese government always makes it clear that the means used to
solve the Taiwan issue is a matter of China''s internal affairs, and
China is under no obligation to commit itself to rule out the use
of force.

If Taiwan denies the One-China Principle and tries to separate
Taiwan from the territory of China, the premise and basis for
peaceful reunification will cease to exist.

As for the United States, if it promises to follow a one-China
policy, it should earnestly implement the three communiques
between the Chinese and U.S. governments and fulfill the series
of promises it has made. It should maintain only cultural,
commercial and other non-governmental relations with Taiwan;
oppose "Taiwan independence, "two Chinas" or "one China, one
Taiwan" and not to stand in the way of the reunification of
China. Acting otherwise will destroy the external conditions
necessary for the Chinese government to strive for peaceful
reunification.

No country maintaining diplomatic relations with China should
provide arms to Taiwan or enter into military alliance of any
form with Taiwan. The U.S. has repeatedly contravened its
solemn undertakings to China made in the August 17, 1982
Communique and continued its sale of advanced arms and
military equipment to Taiwan. Recently, some people in the
U.S. Congress have cooked up the so-called Taiwan Security
Enhancement Act and are attempting to include Taiwan in the
TMDS (Theatre Missile Defense System). This is gross
interference in China''s internal affairs and a grave threat to
China''s security, obstructing the peaceful reunification of China
and jeopardizing the peace and stability of the Asia-Pacific
region and the world at large. The Chinese government is firmly
against such actions.

Separatist forces in Taiwan are bent on violating the One-China
Principle. (President) Lee Tang-hui has gradually deviated from
the (principle), trumpeting "Taiwan is already a state with
independent sovereignty." In addition, he has connived at and
provided support for the separatists who advocate "Taiwan
independence" and their activities, thus helping the rapid
development of the "Taiwan independence" forces and the
spread of the "Taiwan independence" ideology. (Taiwan is)
attempting to establish a military alliance of a disguised form
with the United States and Japan.

...if a grave turn of events occurs leading to the separation of
Taiwan from China in any name, or if Taiwan is invaded and
occupied by foreign countries, or if the Taiwan authorities refuse,
sine die, the peaceful settlement of cross-Straits reunification
through negotiations, then the Chinese government will only be
forced to adopt all drastic measures possible, including the use of
force, to safeguard China''s sovereignty and territorial integrity
and fulfill the great cause of reunification. The Chinese
government and people absolutely have the determination and
ability to safeguard China''s sovereignty and territorial integrity,
and will never tolerate, condone or remain indifferent to the
realization of any scheme to divide China. Any such scheme is
doomed to failure.

No country maintaining diplomatic relations with China should
provide arms to Taiwan or enter into military alliance of any
form with Taiwan. All countries maintaining diplomatic
relations with China should abide by the principles of mutual
respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity and non-
interference in each other''s internal affairs, and refrain from
providing arms to Taiwan or helping Taiwan produce arms in
any form or under any pretext.

---

The reunification of the Chinese people has been called a "sacred
mission" by the Communists in Beijing. The reaction to the
upcoming election on Taiwan bears watching.

*Next week, I''ll start a series on Yuri Andropov, former Soviet
KGB chief, Communist Party boss, and, perhaps most
importantly, current President Vladimir Putin''s role model. I
have a ton of great sources. This should be good.

Brian Trumbore